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UN CBD

UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

Background

Global consensus was formed in regard to the need for biodiversity conservation due to the decrease in the number of species and destruction of ecosystems following the Industrial Revolution

Adoption and Effectiveness

Adopted at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro on June 5, 1992, along with the Convention on Climate Change, and effective as of December 29, 1993

Republic of Korea: Ratified on October 3, 1994 and effective as of January 1, 1995 (154th country)

Objectives and Parties

Objectives

  • Conservation of biodiversity
  • Sustainable use of its components
  • Fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources

Parties to the Convention

194 countries (193 countries + EU)

* Relevant ministries in Korea: Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Korea Forest Service, Korean Intellectual Property Office, etc.

Content

Comprised of a preamble, 42 articles, and 2 annexes (Cartagena Protocol and Nagoya Protocol)

Formation of Operating Organization

Comprised of 8 main bodies incl. the Secretariat, COP, GEF, scientific technology advisory and assistance board, etc.

  • Administrative work related to CBD; 90 workers under the Executive Secretary*; based in Montreal, Canada (Name/Nationality/Term of Office) DR. Braulio Ferreira de Souza Dias/ Brazil / 2011~present
  • Conference of Parties (COP) to the CBD: Top decision marking conference (biennial conference)
  • Financial device: Use of the Global Environment Facility (GEF)
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