UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
Global consensus was formed in regard to the need for biodiversity conservation due to the decrease in the number of species and destruction of ecosystems following the Industrial Revolution
Adopted at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro on June 5, 1992, along with the Convention on Climate Change, and effective as of December 29, 1993
Republic of Korea: Ratified on October 3, 1994 and effective as of January 1, 1995 (154th country)
194 countries (193 countries + EU)
* Relevant ministries in Korea: Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs, Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Korea Forest Service, Korean Intellectual Property Office, etc.
Comprised of a preamble, 42 articles, and 2 annexes (Cartagena Protocol and Nagoya Protocol)
Comprised of 8 main bodies incl. the Secretariat, COP, GEF, scientific technology advisory and assistance board, etc.