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the Nagoya Protocol

Objective

  • Conservation of biodiversity
  • Sustainable use
  • Fair and equitable distribution of benefits arising from genetic resources

Background

A supplementary agreement to the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), chosen at the 10th Conference of Parties (COP) to the CBD (Oct. 2010)

Main Content

  • Access to bio-resources require a prior informed consent (PIC) from the country of origin
  • Benefits* arising from the use of genetic resources and related traditional knowledge are to be shared based on the mutually agreed terms (MAT)
    • (Financial benefits) Royalties, access fees, joint possession of intellectual property rights, etc.
    • (Non-financial benefits) Sharing of R&D results, participation in product development, joint research, etc.
  • Preparation of domestic laws and Installation of more than one checkpoints (inspection agencies) to monitor the adherence to the protocol
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